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  • Writer's pictureJonathan Ortega

Top 5 Industries promoting growth in Puerto Rico

Updated: Apr 23

Puerto Rico's economy has undergone a series of changes throughout its history, particularly in relation to its status as a US territory. The island is renowned for its picturesque beaches and historical attractions, making tourism a vital contributor to its economy. However, there are many aspects of the industries in Puerto Rico that may not be widely known.


Beach side view of Puerto Rico.

Before the mid-20th century, agriculture was the primary industry driving Puerto Rico's economy. Despite limited natural resources, the island was not given much attention by Spanish colonizers. However, San Juan developed into a major trading hub in the Caribbean. Following World War II, factories and manufacturing became crucial to Puerto Rico's economy under American governance. This transition was due to government-initiated economic progress plans and social aid programs. These efforts supported private enterprise and modernized Puerto Rico's transportation infrastructure.


Currently, Puerto Rico's economy has evolved into a service-based economy, as the growth of manufacturing has decreased in recent decades. The service sector, comprising of industries such as trade, tourism, finance, and government work, has emerged as the primary industry in Puerto Rico. The service sector represents about half of Puerto Rico's GDP and employs a majority of the island's workforce.

Top Industries in Puerto Rico

1. Tourism:

Puerto Rico is quickly becoming a major tourist destination, with more and more people coming to the island each year. The tourism industry has grown rapidly in recent years, and it contributes significantly to the overall economy.


2. Pharmaceuticals:

Puerto Rico is home to a number of major pharmaceutical companies, including Merck and Pfizer. Pharmaceuticals are a huge industry on the island, with many companies investing in research and development.


3. Agriculture:

Puerto Rico has a huge agricultural sector, with a number of farmers growing crops like bananas, coffee, and sugarcane. Agriculture is an important part of the economy, and it is a major source of employment in the island.


4. Finance:

Puerto Rico is home to a number of major finance companies, including Citibank, Bank of America, and Wells Fargo. Finance plays an important role in the local economy, and many of these companies are investing in the island.


5. Manufacturing:

Puerto Rico is home to a number of manufacturing companies, including Motorola and HP. Manufacturing is an important part of the economy, and many of these companies are helping to drive economic growth in the island.


View of the coast of Puerto Rico.

Overall, these five industries are some of the major drivers of economic growth in Puerto Rico. Together, they create jobs, generate wealth, and contribute to the overall progress of the island. They are an important part of the Puerto Rican economy, and they are a major source of economic growth.


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